Mirabelle plum is a plum variety among the most delicate. The mirabelle plum is recognizable by its small size and its beautiful yellow color, almost the same as the apricot. The flesh of the fruit is very tasty and sweet. Although the fruits are one of the symbols of Lorraine region in France, they are also cultivated in other regions of the world.
Origin of the mirabelle plum: from Asia to Europe
Originally this fruit came from Asia as a crossroad of the plum culture. In the 16th century it came to Europe via Persia, where the mirabelle plum tree found a new home. The main production area now is Lorraine. Today, 80% of world production is produced there. Mirabelle plum trees grow easily in temperate climate. They are also grown in central, southern Europe and North Africa.
Mirabelle plum and health
Mirabelle plum is not only one of the sweetest and most popular of garden fruits, but it is also very healthy. The fruit is characterized mainly by high potassium content which has a dehydrating and digestive effect.
This is the main reason why the fruit is so popular among celebrities and athletes. Potassium is also important for a good functioning of the heart and good nerves. In addition, the Mirabelle contains a lot of vitamin C.
This fruit enhances the immune system, especially in winter when colds can be avoided or alleviated. Also with regard to the metabolism, the mirabelle plum is an interesting fruit to eat. Its vitamin C is also involved for the structure of the connective tissue.
Ingredients and nutritional value
Mirabelle is among the most energetic fruits (60 kcal for 100 g), thanks to a high sugar content (up to 17 carbohydrates for 100 g). It owes its laxative properties to its fibers (about 2 g/100 g, essentially pectin-type soluble fibers) and to the sorbitol it contains (such as prune). It also contains minerals and trace elements such as potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium and copper, as well as vitamin C and pro-vitamin A (or beta-carotene). Note that the presence of organic acids optimizes the assimilation of calcium and iron brought by the Mirabelle plum.
Intolerances and allergies
The high season is from July to August. It’s important to buy ripe fruit for their freshness and high amount in vitamins. Meanwhile, ripe fruits may not be tolerated and can cause abdominal cramps and diarrhea. In addition, it’s possible that people who suffer from fructose intolerance, eating this fruit can lead to bloating. Sometimes it can even cause abdominal pain and diarrhea .
Shopping and cooking tips
When purchasing the mirabelle plum, it must be taken ripe. This is usually the case in the market. The skin of the fruit should not be damaged and the pulp should be flexible.
Mirabelle plumes picked hard don’t have a good flavor. As they barely ripen, an optimum level of maturity is very important. Until consumption, it is advisable to keep the fruit a maximum of two to three days in the refrigerator. However, it is also possible to freeze them. For this, they are put in a bag after rinsing them with cold water. If they are frozen, keep them less than a year before consumption.
In terms of preparation, not much needs to be done: they should be washed and after the drain, they can be consumed or processed later. If the Mirabelle is to be cooked or baked, they must first be halved and pitted, which is extremely simple with this fruit. They should not be cleaned when to be consumed; otherwise the waxy protective layer of Mirabelle is destroyed.
Mirabelle plums are washed quickly before use. Then get rid of their stalks.
Mirabelle plums support cooking well but they must be heated slowly not to turn these delicate fruit into compote.
Sweet and tasty, mirabelle plums are eaten as raw fruit or in pies, crumble and clafoutis. Salted side, they can be baked and served hot in accompaniment to a roasted rabbit or poultry, or to be used as a pan-fried. This fruit gives reputed water-of-life and specialties of Lorraine, as well as the jams. They are also frozen and pitted and canned in syrup.
Botany: plenty of sun for full aroma
Mirabelle plums are the small, yellow sisters of plums, botanically a subspecies of plums. Prunus domestica subsp. syriaca belongs to the family of rose plants and was created from crosses of the plum culture. Also known as the yellow plum, it is the smallest plum. These round fruits are yellow to golden brown. The side most exposed to the sun is dotted in red. Their pulp is firm, yellow to orange yellow. This fruit has a particularly aromatic sweet to sweet-sour taste.
In spring the Mirabelle plum tree has beautiful white flower bushes. Harvest time is from July to September. The plant needs a lot of sun so the fruits can unfold their full aroma. The tree can reach five meters tall, thrives best on warm sandy soil which is not too dry. Its leaves are mostly elliptical.